Deferred taxes

Deferred taxes are calculated using the balance sheet method for the relevant differences between the carrying amount and taxable value of assets and liabilities. Deferred taxes are measured using the tax rates that are expected to apply to the period when the asset is realised or the liability is settled, based on applicable tax rates and tax laws. Deferred taxes are recognised at face value.

A deferred tax asset is recognised for tax losses carried forward and for the settlement of unused tax credits if and to the extent it is probable that future taxable profit will become available, so enabling an offset of unrelieved tax losses and unused taxed credits.

Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for temporary differences arising from investments in subsidiaries and joint ventures, unless the time at which the temporary difference will be settled can be determined and it is probable that the temporary difference will not be settled in the near future.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if there is a legally enforceable right to set off tax assets against tax liabilities and where the deferred tax assets and liabilities relate to taxes levied by the same tax authority on the same taxable unit.