Emission rights

Emission rights are categorised on initial recognition either as rights intended for the company's own use or as rights destined to be traded.

Emission rights held for periodic redeeming to the government for actual CO2 emissions (company's own use) are recognised as intangible assets and recognised at cost. Rights of a current nature are presented as intangible assets. A provision, also carried at cost, is formed for this redemption obligation. If a shortfall in the quantity required for redeeming is expected, an addition, charged through the income statement, is made to this provision for the lower of the market value of that shortfall or the penalty expected to be due for that shortfall.

Emission rights held for trading purposes are recognised as derivative financial instruments. The profit or loss arising from revaluing these rights to fair value is recognised directly through the income statement as Other revenues.